Australia

Australia is the largest country in Oceania, and definitely one of the most beautiful countries in the world with its amazing landscapes, beaches, coral reefs, multi-cultural living, etc.

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

With Canberra as its capital, and Sydney as its largest city, Australia has many other world-famous cities of Melbourne, Gold Coast, Brisbane, etc.

Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans, Australia is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas, with the Coral Sea lying off the Queensland coast, and the Tasman Sea lying between Australia and New Zealand. The world’s smallest continent and sixth-largest country by total area, Australia—owing to its size and isolation—is often dubbed the “island continent” and is sometimes considered the world’s largest island.

Australia’s size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with tropical rainforests in the northeast, mountain ranges in the southeast, southwest, and east, and desert in the center.

The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the northeast coast and extends for over 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

Australia has six states — New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC), and Western Australia (WA) — and three mainland territories—the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), the Northern Territory (NT), and the Jervis Bay Territory (JBT). In most respects, the ACT and NT function as states, except that the Commonwealth Parliament has the power to modify or repeal any legislation passed by the territory parliaments.

Gold Coast Australia

Australia has one of the world’s most highly urbanized populations with the majority living in metropolitan cities on the coast, such as Gold Coast, Queensland.

Australia is highly urbanized, with 67% of the population living in the Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (metropolitan areas of the state and mainland territorial capital cities) in 2018. Metropolitan areas with more than one million inhabitants are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Although Australia has no official language, English is the de facto national language. Australian English is a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon and differs slightly from other varieties of English in grammar and spelling. General Australian serves as the standard dialect.

Australia has the highest ratio of international students per head of population in the world by a large margin, with 812,000 international students enrolled in the nation’s universities and vocational institutions in 2019.

Accordingly, in 2019, international students represented on average 26.7% of the student bodies of Australian universities. International education, therefore, represents one of the country’s largest exports and has a pronounced influence on the country’s demographics, with a significant proportion of international students remaining in Australia after graduation on various skill and employment visas.

Melbourne Cricket Ground in Australia

The Melbourne Cricket Ground is strongly associated with the history and development of cricket and Australian rules football, Australia’s two most popular spectator sports.

Cricket and football are the predominant sports in Australia during the summer and winter months, respectively. Australia is unique in that it has professional leagues for four football codes. Originating in Melbourne in the 1850s, Australian rules football is the most popular code in all states except New South Wales and Queensland, where rugby league holds sway, followed by rugby union; the imaginary border separating areas where Australian rules football dominates from those where the two rugby codes prevail is known as the Barassi Line.

Frequently Asked Questions – Australia

What Australia is famous for?

Australia is globally famous for its natural wonders, wide-open spaces, beaches, deserts, “The Bush”, and “The Outback”. Australia is one of the world’s most highly urbanized countries; it’s well known for its attractive megacities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Perth.

Is Australia richer than New Zealand?

Australians are a third richer than New Zealanders. Per capita GDP (adjusted for purchasing power parity) is NZ$48,000 in Australia compared to just NZ$36,400 in New Zealand. This difference is remarkable given that the two countries enjoyed the same level of income for most of the twentieth century.

Is Australia a safe country?

Australia is generally a very safe and welcoming place to live and study, consistently ranking among the safest countries in the world. But it is still important to look after yourself and be aware of the risks that exist – and ways to minimize them.


Sources:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia